About Reindeer Husbandry
Tuesday, 15 September 2009 17:13
Article Index
About Reindeer Husbandry
What is reindeer herding?
What is the difference between reindeer herding and reindeer husbandry?
Who conducts reindeer herding?
How long has reindeer herding existed?
How is reindeer herding organized?
What kind of challenges does reindeer herding face?
Why do most reindeer herders say that they could not think of other way of living?
Is reindeer herding a threatened lifestyle?
Are reindeer threatened?
What biological characteristics specific to the reindeer?
What is a wild reindeer?
How long do reindeer live?
What do reindeers eat?
Why do reindeer gather in herds?
How will climate change affect reindeer herding?
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What is a reindeer? 

Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) belongs to the species Cervidae. The species is a natural part of Northern ecosystems and is resident in the northern parts of Europe, Asia and North America. The reindeer has several sub-species of which one of them is Caribou. Reindeer are also divided into mountain reindeer and forest reindeer. There are 7 different sub-species of Rangifer tarandus and some of them called reindeer and some caribou:

Rangifer tarandus tarandus – Eurasian tundra reindeer

R. t. platyrhynchus – Svalbard reindeer

R. t. fennicus – Eurasian forest reindeer

R. t. granti – Alaskan caribou

R. t. caribou – Woodland caribou

R. t.groenlandicus – Barren-ground caribou

R.t. pearyi – Peary caribou

Mountain reindeer migrate between summer and winter pastures while forest reindeer graze in the woodlands throughout the year.

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